Posted by: QQmei | January 19, 2012

The Development of the ChengLong Wetlands International Environmental Art Project

Cheng Long Wetlands, located in rural Yunlin County on the southwestern coast ofTaiwan, is a land subsidence area. Cheng Long village used to be a farmland in former times. Twenty-five years ago, a typhoon had a great impact on this area and caused a serious saltwater intrusion and submerged about a hundred hectares of farmland and fish farms, and this land has now become Cheng Long Wetlands.
成龍溼地,位在臺灣西南浴海,屬於雲林縣口湖鄉,原為一片農田,現在受地層下陷所苦。25年前一次颱風侵襲,引發嚴重的海水倒灌,成龍村大約有100公頃的農地魚塭就此完全淹沒,成為現今的「成龍溼地」。 

In this offshore village, living conditions were already very tough. The agricultural land was no longer farmable after the flood. Although some farmers changed their lifestyle to become fishermen, others had trouble surviving; many villagers were in despair about the flooded land.
在這個生活條件原本就艱困的沿海聚落,大片的農地淹水後無法繼續耕作,有些農民雖轉型從事養殖業,卻也有些生活就此陷入困境,更多的村民是對這塊被水淹沒的土地感到絕望。

After the assessment of the flooded farmland at Cheng Long village, the Forestry Bureau thought that Cheng Long Wetlands is near the Ao Gu Wetlands, a national wetland located in Chia-Yi county, and that it had excellent ecological and recreational potential. From 2005, the Forestry Bureau started to lease 41 hectares of the flooded agricultural land allowing the land to lay fallow for a long term to slow down the speed of subsidence, and began the process of restoration to let Cheng Long Wetlands become an ecological paradise.
但是這片淹水的農地,經過林務局的評估後認為,此區和國家級的嘉義鰲鼓溼地相去不遠,並且擁有極佳的生態條件與休憩潛力,自2005年起,林務局開始承租約41公頃的泡水農地,推動長期休耕,藉此減緩地層下陷的速度,也讓成龍溼地得以休養生息逐漸成為生態的天堂。

After several years of hard work, Cheng Long Wetlands has become a paradise for fish, shrimp, crabs, shellfish and many birds. 86 species of birds have been recorded in recent years (101species of birds were recorded in year 2011); both the variety and quantity are very respectable. Although there is a rich biodiversity in the wetlands, residents still felt alienated from the Wetlands. With this attitude, the wetlands did not provide any positive effects on their life. Sustainable management of natural resources requires the support of community residents in order to bring the benefit to each other. For this reason, the Forestry Bureau hopes the villagers can realize that Cheng Long Wetlands can play an important role in community development, and then think about the sustainable development of the community and the wetlands.
經過了多年的努力,成龍溼地已成為魚、蝦、蟹、貝類與水鳥的樂園,共記錄到86種鳥類(至2011年止共記錄到101種),不論是種類與數量都非常可觀。雖然成龍溼地呈現豐富的生物多樣性,但是居民依然無法接受溼地,抱持著這樣的態度,溼地就無法帶給生活正面的影響力。有鑑於自然資源的永續經營,需要居民的支持,才能讓生活與生態皆獲利,因此,林務局希望村民們能夠認知及體會,其實成龍溼地是可能在社區發展上扮演重要角色的,大家可以一起思考社區及溼地永續發展的可能。

With this background, Kuan Shu Educational Foundation was invited by the Forestry Bureau to promote environmental education inChengLongVillagebeginning in the summer of 2009. The Cheng Long Wetlands International Environmental Art Project – Children and Artists Celebrate the Wetlands was one of the main environmental education programs for the year 2010. The purpose of this project was to let the community inhabitants and the general public pay attention to environmental issues.The art project aroused residents’ concern with Cheng Long Wetlands successfully. Artists coming to this rustic village was a great event, especially foreign artists.  The fact that artists from theUSA,FranceandIndiaas well as other parts ofTaiwanare willing to come to this barren land and create environmental sculpture artworks made some villagers start to think. That is the most important benefit from this art project.
觀樹教育基金會在這樣的背景之下,在2009年的夏天,受林務局的邀請進入成龍村開始推動環境教育。「成龍溼地國際環境藝術計畫-兒童與藝術家的溼地禮讚」就是2010年其中一個主要的環境教育方案。這個藝術計畫的目的是在讓社區居民及一般大眾注意到環境的議題。後來這個藝術計畫成功地引起居民關心成龍溼地;藝術家的到來對這個小村莊來說是件大事,特別是外國的藝術家。來自美國、法國、印度和台灣其他縣市的藝術家,願意來到這個飽受淹水之苦的地方,進行環境藝術創作,的確引發了部分村民的反思,這是這個藝術計畫最重要的收獲。

On the other hand, villagers accepting these visitors and participating in the artworks enthusiastically was another achievement of this project. Creating a grand sculpture installation is not the most important point of the Cheng Long Wetlands International Environmental Art Project, but rather helping residents to reconsider their environment and community during the art project process.  It seems this goal was reached. Almost all of the Cheng Long villagers have devoted themselves to this project in some way, such as enthusiastically providing living places for artists and volunteers, assisting artists to get materials and tools for their creations, and demonstrating the traditional way to set up an oyster frame for artists’ references. The villagers made this project into their own festival.Also, the Art project has attracted a lot of concern about land subsidence and wetlands environmental issues through media coverage. In the global warming days, the sea level is rising. Building a dyke to stop water flooding onto the land subsidence area is not a good way to deal with dramatic climate changes. Holding the Cheng Long Wetlands International Environmental Art Project provides a good chance for the people to think about how to adjust to the current trends in global warming, how to establish a new concept of land ethics, and to learn to live in coexistence with water. That is a serious topic we need to face and think deeply about today.
另一方面,村民不吝惜地接納這群客人並且熱情參與藝術創作,則是活動的另一項成就。「成龍溼地國際環境藝術節」的價值不在於創造出偉大的裝置藝術,而是透過藝術家的帶領,讓居民從參與的過程中,重新思索與審視自己的社區及環境。看來這個目標也達到了!幾乎所有的成龍村民都用不同的方式,貢獻己力在這個藝術計畫裡;有人熱心提供藝術家及志工的住所,有人協助藝術家取得創作所需的媒材與工具,有人示範傳統蚵架的搭設方式供藝術家參考。村民們的參與,讓這個藝術計畫變成了成龍村民自己的節慶。在此同時,透過媒體的傳播,這個藝術計畫也引起了社會大眾對地層下陷與溼地保育的關注。在全球暖化、海平面上升的當下,在地層下陷的區域欲意以圍堤的方式來阻擋洪水已不足以應付戲劇化的氣候變遷。成龍溼地國際環境藝術計畫的舉辦,讓人們有機會去思考,如何面對及因應全球暖化,以及如何建立新的土地倫理概念,去學習與水和平共處。這個嚴肅的課題,是今天我們大家都應該面對及深思的。 

The 2011 Cheng Long Wetland Environmental Art Project on the theme of “dreaming of greener wetlands” involved artists from Bulgaria, Indonesia, and Peru as well as 2 artists from other parts of Taiwan coming to live and work in Cheng Long to make artworks with the children and community that could address issues about how to make things “greener” in Cheng Long, not only actual green plants but “green” in the sense of better for the environment.  Some of the 2011 artworks are still surviving after typhoons and a hot summer and are now producing green living plants in the wetland that can provide habitat and food for the birds and wildlife. 
2011年,成龍溼地國際環境藝術計畫的主題是「兒童與藝術家夢想的綠色溼地」,獲選的藝術家分別來自保加利亞、印尼、祕魯以及兩位來自台灣其他地方的藝術家,他們和小朋友及社區居民一起創作能夠讓社區變得「更綠」的藝術作品,這裡的「綠」不單指綠色植物,而是有讓環境變得更好的含意。有一些2011年的藝術創作,在經歷颱風及酷暑的考驗後,依舊屹立在溼地裡,部分作品上的植物展現堅強的生命力,提供鳥類及野生動物更多樣的棲息環境及食物來源。 

In 2012, since the main way of making a living in Cheng Long is involved with seafood production, we decided to focus the art project on the theme of “What’s for Dinner?” emphasizing organic aquaculture and sustainable practices in seafood production.  We hope that the artworks the artists propose and make this year will raise public awareness about not using so much pesticide or herbicide in fish farming and finding better ways to raise fish, shrimp, clams, oysters and other seafood that will be good for humans and good for the environment. 
在2012年,我們將藝術計畫的主題定為「誰來晚餐?」,因為成龍村的居民大部份皆以養殖為業,我們希望藉此強調對環境友善的養殖及永續概念落實在水產品生產或漁撈上的重要。我們希望今年藝術家的提案及創作能喚醒大眾關注水產品的用藥問題,並一起來思考養殖魚、蝦、文蛤、牡蠣或其他海產更好的方法,兼顧人與環境的健康。 

For information about how to submit a proposal for 2012, please see the previous Posts. Please also check the information about possible sites and possible materials the artists can use in 2012 on the Blog at https://artproject4wetland.wordpress.com or contact Curator, Jane Ingram Allen at allenrebeccajanei@gmail.com. The deadline for artist’s proposals for the 2012 art project is February 8, 2012.
有關「2012成龍溼地國際環境藝術計畫-誰來晚餐?」的徵件公告可能放置作品的地點可能使用的材料,請見這個部落格上之前的說明,或有任何問題,可用Email與策展人Jane聯繫(allenrebeccajanei@gmail.com),別忘了徵件截止日期為2012年2月8日。


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